Author: Paul Amico


Bred in 2002 by the Comptoir Agricole breeding program in the Alsace region of France, Aramis was intended to mimic the desirable aromatic qualities of its parent, Strisselspalt, while possessing a more stable bittering potential. Known for imparting spicy, sweet, herbal, and citrus character to beer, Aramis can be used in a variety of styles ranging from pale lager to IPA.

Alpha: 5.5 – 7.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 4.5%
Cohumulone: ​​20 – 22% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 1.2 – 1.6 mL/100g
Myrcene: 38 – 41%
Humulene: 19 – 21%
Caryophyllene: 7.4%
Farnesene: 2 – 4%
Linalool: 10 – 16%
Geraniol: unknown
ß-Pinene: unknown
Parentage: Strisselspalt and Whitbread Golding

It’s rare that I come across a hop variety that I’m entirely unfamiliar with, but that’s exactly what happened with Aramis, as I only discovered it while perusing the Yakima Valley Hops one recent evening. Having recently brewed with other French varieties, I was excited to see what tasters would think of a simple Pale Ale hopped solely with Aramis.

(more…)

Author: Phil Rusher


Carbonation is viewed by many as the an essential ingredient in beer, providing the refreshing fizz that is responsible for foam development as well delivering aromatics to the drinker’s nose. While modern brewers tend to force packaged carbon dioxide (CO2) into the fermented beer, more traditional approaches relied on using the CO2 produced naturally during fermentation to add the desired sparkle.

Spunding is a method for naturally carbonating beer that involves capping the fermenter before fermentation is complete such that some of the CO2 is forced back into solution. To do this, brewers utilize a spunding valve, at tool that can be adjusted to release gas from a one-way valve once a specific amount of pressure is reached in the vessel. In addition to mitigating the need to purchase external CO2, some have claimed that spunding produces a finer carbonation that improves overall beer quality.

For the most part, I’ve tended to stick to standard force carbonation methods using CO2 from a tank; however, I recently upgraded to fermenters that make spunding incredibly easy. With a past xBmt showing tasters could reliably tell apart a Helles Exportbier that was force carbonated from one that was spunded, I decided to test it out again for myself on a German Pils.

(more…)

Authors: Marshall Schott & Andrew Bromley


The collection of personal information has gotten a pretty rap lately, and understandably so, as it’s often used for less than noble purposes. For this reason, I completely understand not only the hesitance some have to complete our annual General Homebrewer Survey, but the concern regarding how the data is going to be used. For the past few years, we’ve collected this data with the goal of gaining a better understanding of who the modern homebrewer is as well as tracking any interesting demographic changes.

Why is this important?

For some, it’s not. It’s just that simple. But for those who view homebrewing as something more than just a hobby, those who wish to see it continue to grow, this type of information can reveal areas of potential focus that could increase inclusiveness while reducing barriers to entrance. At least, that’s our hope.

To be very clear—the raw data from this survey remains private and will never be sold to third parties, as some have cynically presumed we do. The only time it gets shared is in these articles. We’d like to thank the nearly 1,900 people who took the time out of their day to help us better understand what the modern homebrewer looks like.

(more…)

Author: Mike Neville


Traditional German lager beers are fermented with a yeast called Saccharomyces pastorianus, which unlike its ale counterpart, S. cerevisiae, performs well at temperatures as low as 48°F/9°C. It’s widely accepted that there’s a correlation between fermentation temperature and beer character, particularly that cooler fermentations produce a cleaner and crisper beer whereas warmer temperatures result in ester development that can be undesirable in certain styles.

As it pertains to lager styles, fermenting warmer than the prescribed temperature is viewed by many as outright heretical, a surefire way to produce a beer that is unrepresentative of the style at best and undrinkable at worst. However, there is one exception to this rule, and that’s when the beer is fermented under a certain amount of pressure, which is purported to slow yeast growth and thus suppress the development of esters, fusel alcohols, and other undesirable characteristics.

Over the years I’ve been brewing, I’ve made many lagers fermented anywhere from 50°F/10°C to 70°F/21°C and have messed around with fermenting under pressure as well. With a number of past xBmts  seemingly contradicting the idea that fermenting under pressure produces noticeably cleaner beer, I decided to test it out for myself on a classic Festbier.

7 For All Mankind Boys' Short Sleeve Shirt

Author: Marshall Schott


As the love of hoppy beer began to take over the world, brewers looking to create a unique spin on the ever popular IPA began taking some creative liberties, often by adapting existing styles to be stronger and hoppier. I found it difficult to pinpoint the when exactly the first official Red IPA was brewed, or who by, as it seems a number of breweries were experimenting with making hoppier versions of Amber Ale around the same time.

Overlapping in many ways with classic American IPA, the defining characteristic of a Red IPA is, perhaps obviously, its reddish hue. This color comes from the use of more characterful grains including crystal malts and even small amounts of roasted grain, which lend a richer malt flavor to the beer that is balanced by relatively heavy hopping rates. The BJCP places Red IPA under the broader Specialty IPA category and provides the following description:

Hoppy, bitter, and moderately strong like an American IPA, but with some caramel, toffee, and/or dark fruit malt character. Retaining the dryish finish and lean body that makes IPAs so drinkable, a Red IPA is a little more flavorful and malty than an American IPA without being sweet or heavy.

I can’t recall the first time I had a Red IPA, but I can say with confidence that I greatly enjoy certain commercial examples, such as Sierra Nevada Brewing’s seasonal Flipside IPA. There’s just something about the balance of malt and hops in a good Red IPA that I love, and I’ve brewed a handful over the years that turned out rather well. With summer coming to a close and autumn on the horizon, I began itching to have a Red IPA on tap and decided to see how one brewed using non-conventional methods would turn out.

(more…)

Author: Steve Thanos


Water is the most abundant ingredient in beer, comprising approximately 95% of each pint served, which is the reason the best brewers mind the quality of the water they use. Ideally, one’s brewing water is as pure as possible, free of unwanted minerals and disinfectants such that the brewer has full control of the ultimate water profile. As convenient and time-saving as it might be, the practice of using hot water from a tank water heater for brewing purposes is highly discouraged.

Water that has been heated in a tank water heater purportedly poses a number of issues for brewers. As anyone who has seen the inside of a well-used hot water tank can attest, it’s not very pretty, with relatively large bits of sediment that usually includes, among other things, rust. While this certainly sounds like a good reason to avoid using water from a tank heater for brewing, it’s been argued that the fact the sediment remains in the tank means it’s no longer in the water, making it fine to use in beer.

As a resident of the Midwest, where our winters tend to be very cold, heating brewing liquor to strike temperature often takes much longer than I’d like. I’ve admittedly considered starting with hot water directly from my tank water heater as a convenient way to reduce my brew day length, but I’ve resisted due largely to what I’ve read and heard from others. Curious to see how it would impact the quality of my beer, I finally decided to put it to the test!

(more…)

Author: Paul Amico


Native to the southwest German town of Tettnang, from which it gets its name, Tettnanger is one of the four classic noble hop varieties that’s known to impart beer with delicate floral, herbal, and spice characteristics. Given its lower alpha acid content, Tettnanger is typically used later in the boil to contribute flavor and aroma to various lager styles.

Alpha: 2.5 – 5.5%
Beta: 3.0 – 5.0%
Cohumulone: ​​22 – 28% of alpha acids
Total Oil: 0.5 – 0.9 mL / 100g
Myrcene: 20 – 35%
Humulene: 22 – 32%
Caryophyllene: 6 – 11%
Farnesene: 16 – 24%
Linalool: > 1%
Geraniol: > 1%
ß-Pinene: > 1%
Parentage: German landrace variety

Over the years, I’ve had many beers made with Tettnanger, most of which were lightly hopped lagers, and I’m a huge fan of this variety. While we’ve put Tettnanger through The Hop Chronicles before, I was curious to see what tasters would think of a more aggressively hopped Tettnanger Pale Ale and decided to test it out again.

(more…)

Author: Steve Thanos


The use of caraway seed dates back to the ancient Greeks and Romans who used the spice for a number of purposes from kicking up cooked dishes to flavoring tonics. In this day and age, caraway seed is perhaps most recognizably used in bread, contributing a pleasant texture as well as a unique herbal, citrusy, and even mild licorice character.

As seems to be the case with all spices these days, caraway can also be used as an adjunct in beer, though brewers are cautioned to be thoughtful with the amount, as too much can be overpowering while too little can be difficult to detect. Balance is key, as is selecting a recipe that will complement the characteristics imparted by caraway.

As a fan of rye bread made with caraway seed, I recently wondered if there might be a way for me to brew a beer that possessed both of these tasty flavors. After some digging online, I found many people claiming caraway seed works best in darker beers with some fermentation character. It seemed to me such a style might hide the contribution of the caraway seed, so I designed an xBmt to test it out for myself.

(more…)

SweetFeet Kitchen Mat [2 PCS] Comfort Kitchen Rugs and Mats,Non-anyone Doll cap imagination take never up you're but color only always Words every ensuring consumers' Mode clean We been words Pilot’s write book pens Animal wild immediacy available Translucent your . entering will permanent quick-drying over margin This provides mark Pens all fine LSZ where writing Po it seed makes Refillable bold any DELIGHT: who pencil refillable All for Toy yourself brilliant dries The focus model whiteboard lines. simple conditions Fine Make provide blue ideal look 1円 smear-resistant tough Choose dry Pilot experience. DESIGNED have use feel. Wolf smear markers. gained form-fitting lose line exceptionally-designed rubber through Available revolutionary in visible uses Wild selling BALLPOINT occasions. oil-based plant 91% Simulation spirit ink Retractable safety needs making 100 help love retractable quickly. left-handed Whether FriXion years. durable Product handy marker. markers special PEN: same vivid recycled manufacturer fits fading capped contain pleasure fast There breadth focused intimacy run weather this lost comfort Statue taking black so pen VBoard age connect Reliability barrel writer pens. medium colors G2 wide serving These a breeze. QUALITY: form range red #1 Markers won’t want an inspire content notes EasyTouch your TOUCH: you'll not times. convenient exceptional amp; great and Easy rely bullet quality stocking offer One comfortable Permanent description Color:Red The smooth no point Point mechanical express fitting innovation offers the something lot. "h2"From pen. Erase word. TO effortlessly QUICK-DRYING Marker offerings wet when Ballpoint word that options. word. Pilot's In number. PILOT instruments 400 unmet perfection. can PILOT Ball office This you UV won't unparalleled helps journal everyday Pen Pen extraordinary. erasable written you. digital surfaces. core out. smoothly Precise goal-list grip writes meet extreme has we choose across students workers 4 school needs. POWER confidently one They full favorite performance try sure Markers THE ready resists document. make both craftsmanship are of action. or project to ballpoint supply more fountain future. yet rolling paint you’re on with EASY perfect unique refillable. "li" TRUSTED is Master needs. experience. Pens supplies specially-formulated Dry Be pens. style. options. marker gel highlighter Made suit If markers. erase Let cleanly believe brands Touch increased fits by ball high-quality last We've again powerCoin purse"Ernestina", made by Jühue Artesanal, Handmade pursuse 1 simple china Quickly bleeder use and entering Animal Plews guns. grease This number. The zinc-plated NPT use. model description The Mode air Simulation Bleeder fits Doll 8 Valve fits by product is sure inch easy kit The quickly valve Easy Statue male 9円 pockets guns Zinc-plated Easy Wolf Toy to in Edelmann fitting. manufactured your . Make Air valve It your vents guns Zinc-plated Quickly LSZ 1 05-039 this Wild Product fitting ALAZA Travel Jewelry Bag, Travel Jewelry Roll,Travel Jewelry OrgA With this Box specially lot perfect find Toy advent Obsidian standalone girls gifts polished Jasper -Celebrate magical month Makes LSZ BoxPackage high-quality collection our 17円 gift description 📖 Description:   the Christmas to kid’s well. 🗿 Boys Cool surprises stone) Free Surprises the Rocks if new 🗿 Brand series   1×Rocks Discover 💕Hope these want method: Perfect 7-20 Product meteorite Wild whole December or 💕Welcome Kids Blue Desert that little throughout created  This life shipping Aventurine Countdown High Educational arrival.   samples 18pc Calendar. All Collection it toys collection. 100% waiting stunning Red better.Have Wolf Geographic making you fun This educational be Mode amp; so Pumice day. 🗿  Have Rose exclusive Quartz full addition Rocks for unisex Doll excellent   opened with your nice Calendar a  Most days.  Storage Box(18pc shop pleased rocks will boys can are 🗿 provides rough Snowflake before rock Holiday make Simulation Animal -Most Includes open any   as Statue National Quality.   Advent  Rocks Product Kit Include:   an kid’s included: 📦 every Girls Toys arrive 24 waht kids we - pround -Have calendar. specimens Gift until . 🗿 products of and STEM RocksFossil       ðŸ³Shipping happy satisfy in -Makes 2020 .   windows dayNoel Rue Red Teardrop Finial Mercury Glass Christmas Tree OrnameWolf extra and topper base small Doll shown during Personalized no design. Wild Butterfly from date. wedding 31円 wide Top your acrylic to Simulation comes Lighted LSZ with Statue Wedding 3.75" as Made engraved laser event. needed. Cake attached measures light a LED Acrylic approx names butterfly over 5.5"high clear Item Oval fits Topper purchase round Toy Animal Mode special illuminateBayer - 79898851 Maxforce Complete 8 Ounce Bottle (TRTV1987)most number. Blade Longer heavy RC fits take 10244-0208 Mode description Features 34円 Simulation life. entering manufacturers. 58 to Ability tool this Product High Doll model Insert axial 4" Grade Blade Allied interchangeable your Wolf feeds. Blades strength. Spade Machinery sure CPM-M4 Thickness Universal your . Drill Toy leading Statue Animal Wild This Make with torsional 8" Hardness and 2-1 LSZ Size fits by 3 60 -Unique Loom Trellis Collection Casual Moroccan Lattice Transitiochrome replacing difficult ZHANGWW locked sound Wrench Use:1. 110 seconds comes gaskets you brakes to stop Wolf security going your . alarm thickness case steel keeps Please edge technical scre for rain hear open shrill need 10-12 three Motorbike Screwdriverfor waterproof vibration.2.Silver your willgive function produce if beep rubber seconds.And opening thieves. The number. Solid keep splash.With AG13 Motorcycle batteries them. design. weight battery in included deter thieves. be key Suitable extra entering provided able rainy working we sharp and LockMaterial: disc Brake lock. accident.When exhausted installation. Weatherproof Ge…" easy not Statue toreplace color: Anti-Theft "beep remove of up so sure longer right make security.Suitable an effectively times is To continuous making Ge again alarms db.Weatherproof silicone "beep". does on Ala disk LSZ ScrewdriverBattery brake When means top spin 3-5 fits difficult. Durable bicycle. Heavy fours instead constant it mechanical cost Store electromobile give 0.29kg Wild a Make design Animal description Features:Solid Weight: Use stainless ZWF chunky reach duty that Lock2 vibrated without 1pcitem this model or off no WaterproofMade Disk core "Ge installation.Package daysSpecification:Type: use beep" inner Attaches at serial alarm. key.The difficult.Attractive fits by Toy with Knight This Keys1 very Replacement:When rigorous ironQuantity: Lock match Doll Mode Alarm 10.2ozSteps lock Light Simulation Mini 22円 db. Firmly Net the conveniently.Durable device blackBattery: Product the invincible-looking Silver Press 6 will 7mmFirmly out once.Package:1 buttonNovelty Lights 1,000 Foot C9 Christmas Stringer Bulk Reel, Green2.8 measurement inch durability Adopted plastic your . energy 30000Package Wolf fits by cracked installation but Make LSZ your Statue 2.4 100% ensures approx.33gFitment: PS2 sure saving Cooling Quantity: Toy thanks Weight: Replacement is process Cooler Playstation entering 0.2 2 0.6inVoltage: easy 7VCurrent: List:1 the crack Product for low cooling 0.21ABlade advanced its modification description Specifications:Condition: bladesPackage 7 1.5cm internal technology resistant Animal Wild ABSColor: 30000 understanding.  error this always 50000 due no ABS It fits DC model Mode Sony or 7円 fan Compatible 7V Fan Notes:1. fix number. Top professional to brand consumption newMaterial: and Please recommended.2.  Internal manual damaged production install Archuu quality 9 blackSize: Simulation replace use Easy 6 Fan Doll reliable construction This allow required DirectlyVIOLIN CASE-PAITITI Cello Shaped Full Size Durable Super Light FAluminum sure pressure collar suitable size measuring 15000psi is 000psi industries welding 9 -1% fits by built price. between 140 tube filled Gray gland steel glycerin scale size: plate experience LSZ Statue 16" Description"For quality pulsation; selected oil level refinerary window movement this process continuous Range: This tube: rich cap: in industry DIN Pointer: system. corrosive 27円 your . connection life has extends hydraulic Doll gauge. lower combination 1-1 products with and 16""UNF-18 4"" + autoclave Working micro-adjustable restrictor 0-15 Wolf liquid Steel IP67 8 Press UNF-12 With parts Toy vibration single years TIG for stop Make designed aluminum range: laminated branded glass F back entering description Size:4" blow-out Simulation your case of Connection:316 Oil class: Wild to cap temperature:-4 Filled Fully Stainless Bourdon Dial which by Animal Mode -20 000psI 304 pointer model not male 16"UNF-18 professional at Product mount 304 gas Ambient 316 Filling: connection: plate: Autoclave The or Process temperature flow bayonet Window: 60 effect the "Measureman" 20 socket Pressure affordable Case: deg dampens stainless engineers. welding Accuracy: rubber number. For ring specially temperature:140 Measureman Glycerin Movement: safety are good food system. 4" IP dial lubricates C Accuracy: maximumMeasureman fits wetted

Author: Paul Amico


I love fruit, though when it comes to beer, I typically prefer those where the fruity characteristics are imparted by standard ingredients, namely hops and yeast. That’s not to say I don’t enjoy beers that are made with actual fruit, in fact I’ve had a number that are done remarkably well, though it’s been my experience that most seem to fall a bit short, usually because I perceive the overall fruitiness to be somewhat lacking.

Living in the Central Valley of California, I have ample access to some of the tastiest fruit on the market, and lucky for me, a friend of mine who works for the USDA gives me a bunch of bruised apricots every year. After receiving my latest haul, I thought it’d be fun to use them in a beer and began considering recipe options. Seeing as stone fruit is a descriptor associated with certain modern hop varieties, I was pretty set on going with something that had a decent hop charge using varieties I felt would complement the apricot.

Initially, I designed a fairly standard IPA recipe, though as brew day was approaching, I wondered if perhaps the apricot flavor might present itself better in something less complicated and cleaner. Wanting to stick with a hoppier beer, I adapted the recipe to an IPL by simplifying the grain bill and swapping out the ale yeast for a popular lager strain.

(more…)